A Bidimensional Hilbert-like Curve defined with {X1(...),Y1(...)} -iteration 1- [Une courbe bidimensionnelle du type Hilbert définie avec {X1(...),Y1(...)} -itération 1-].

The bidimensional Hilbert Curves:

Let's C1(T) being a parametric curve defined by means of 2 real functions of T (T [0,1]) X1(T) [0,1] and Y1(T) [0,1] such as :
                    X1(T=0)=0 Y1(T=0)=0 (lower left corner)
                    X1(T=1)=1 Y1(T=1)=0 (lower right corner)

Then one defines a sequence of curves Ci(T) (i >= 1) as follows :
                    Ci(T) = {Xi(T),Yi(T)}  [0,1]x[0,1] --> Ci+1(T) = {Xi+1(T),Yi+1(T)}  [0,1]x[0,1]

                    if T  [0,1/4[:
                              Xi+1(T) =   Yi(4T-0)
                              Yi+1(T) =   Xi(4T-0)
                                                   Transformation 1
                    if T  [1/4,2/4[:
                              Xi+1(T) =   Xi(4T-1)
                              Yi+1(T) = 1+Yi(4T-1)
                                                   Transformation 2
                    if T  [2/4,3/4[:
                              Xi+1(T) = 1+Xi(4T-2)
                              Yi+1(T) = 1+Yi(4T-2)
                                                   Transformation 3
                    if T  [3/4,1]:
                              Xi+1(T) = 2-Yi(4T-3)
                              Yi+1(T) = 1-Xi(4T-3)
                                                   Transformation 4

Please note that 4=2d where d=2 is the space dimension.

Here are the five first bidimensional Hilbert curves with an increasing number of iterations :

[See the used color set to display the parameter T]

Here are some examples of Hilbert-like bidimensional curves using different generating curves :

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