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A dynamics of four interlaced torus defined by means of three sets of bidimensional fields [Une dynamique de quatre tores entrelacés définie à l'aide de trois ensembles de champs bidimensionnels].




Many surfaces -bidimensional manifolds- in a tridimensional space can be defined using a set of three equations:
                    X = F (u,v)
                         x
                    Y = F (u,v)
                         y
                    Z = F (u,v)
                         z
with:
                    u E [U   ,U   ]
                          min  max
                    v E [V   ,V   ]
                          min  max
[Umin,Umax]x[Vmin,Vmax] then defined a bidimensional rectangular domain D.
                       v ^
                         |
                    V    |...... ---------------------------
                     max |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                         |      |+++++++++++++++++++++++++++|
                    V    |...... ---------------------------
                     min |      :                           :
                         |      :                           :
                         O------------------------------------------------->
                                U                           U              u
                                 min                         max

If D is sampled by means of a bidimensional rectangular grid (made of Nu.Nv points), the three {X,Y,Z} coordinates can be defined by means of three rectangular matrices:
                    X = M (i,j)
                         x
                    Y = M (i,j)
                         y
                    Z = M (i,j)
                         z
with:
                    i = f(u,U   ,U   ,N )
                             min  max  u
                    j = g(v,V   ,V   ,N )
                             min  max  v
where 'f' and 'g' denote two obvious linear functions...


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For a dynamics of four interlaced torus, the three sets of {X,Y,Z} fields/matrices are as follows:



See some of the interpolated surfaces:

Four interlaced torus defined by means of three bidimensional fields Four interlaced torus defined by means of three bidimensional fields Four interlaced torus defined by means of three bidimensional fields Four interlaced torus defined by means of three bidimensional fields Four interlaced torus defined by means of three bidimensional fields


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